CV Raman: How C V Raman become the First Indian to get Nobel Prize in Science

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Scientist CV Raman has a birth anniversary today (C.V. Raman Jayanti). CV Raman was the first Indian to be awarded by the Nobel Prize in the field of science. Sir CV Raman was born on 7 November 1888 in Madras Presidency (Tamil Nadu) in British India. His father was a professor of mathematics and physics. CV Raman made an incredible contribution in the field of light scattering. Under this, when the light passes through a transparent material, the wavelength of light changes during that time. This is called the Raman effect. Sir CV Raman was awarded by the Nobel Prize in the year 1930 for his outstanding work in the field of light. He was awarded the highest honor Bharat Ratna in 1954 only for Raman prabhaav

CV Raman, who has a keen interest in music, also did research on the sounds of instruments and an article about this was published in an encyclopedia of Germany. CV Raman did his BA from the then Presidency College in Madras and was the only student to pass first class in Mathematics in 1905. In this college, he took admission in MA and chose the main subject Physics.

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There was a time when CV was not able to get ahead in the field of science. Raman turned to a government job. He participated in the competitive examination of the Finance Department of the Government of India and he came first. After this, he worked as Assistant Accountant General in Kolkata in 1907. However, he remained fond of science and here he continued to do research in the laboratories of the Indian Association for Cultivation of Science and the University of Calcutta.

In 1917, after resigning from a government job, he became a professor at Calcutta University. During that time he continued his research work at the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS) in Calcutta. It was here that on 28 February 1928, he along with other scientists including KS Krishnan discovered the Raman effect.

CV Raman was the uncle of the famous scientist Subramanian Chandrasekhar. Subramanian was awarded by the Nobel Prize in 1983 for his discovery of the ‘Chandrasekhar limit’. CV Raman died in 1970 at the age of 82.

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