The modern world came with an ocean of possibilities for technological and scientific innovations. These inventions are a part of almost everything from deep oceans to universe secrets.
Then how could the most significant part of human civilization remain untouched? Yes, we are talking about agriculture and the technologies introduced in the sector for its betterment.
One such important and the most famous invention is that of farm tractors. Farm tractors have become the backbone of agricultural production. You would be interested to know some very rare facts about farm tractors.
What is a farm tractor?
It is one of the most popular agricultural equipment, and if we go by the technical definition, it is a specially designed vehicle that is made highly efficient to perform heavy as well as minor agricultural activities like ploughing, digging, tilling, harvesting, mowing, landscaping and much more. They are also used in mining, construction, transportation, and all vehicle activities.
Tractors are designed according to the farm’s specific needs and specific demands. The soil type, the land size, its utility, the terrain conditions, other weather conditions, and many more critical factors determine the design and technical aspects of a tractor.
It is designed to carry heavy agricultural equipment, pull trailers, transport loads of agricultural surplus, and much more.
Uses of a farm tractor
We have discussed a little bit of the tractor uses in the earlier section, here we will look at some more detailed uses of a farm tractor. The primary function of a tractor is to make the farmer’s job easy and help in enormous growth in yield and production.
- Ploughing the field for the crop’s plantation
- Removing waste, rocks, dirt, brush, debris, and other heavy materials from the ground
- Clearing the weeds and brush with rotary or flail mower attachment
- Tilling land and prepare a garden or field
- Repaid and trade a gravel driveway or road
- Power a variety of attachments like wood splitters, saws, and stump grinders
- Used a backhoe attachment for dig foundations, ditches, and ponds
- Disking or cultivating a field
- Harrowing the soil
- Moving and planting
Types of a farm tractor
You will find almost every type of farm tractor in India, usually classified into different types based on purposes or sizes and landholdings.
But first, let’s check the different types of landholdings in India.
Here is a list of different types of farm sizes in India.
- Marginal farms are the ones with a land size of below 1.00 hectare.
- Small farms are the ones with a land size of 1.00-2.00 hectare.
- Semi-medium farms have a land size of 2.00-4.00 hectare.
- Medium farms have a land size of 4.00-10.00 hectare.
- Large farms have a land size of 10.00 hectares and above.
There are many different types of tractors used for different purposes, and hence here are the types of tractors based on their goals.
- Utility tractors
- Compact tractors
- Row crop tractors
- Industrial tractors
- Garden tractors
- Implement carrier tractors
- Autonomous tractors
- Military tractors
Five things you never knew about a farm tractor
- Nowadays, we can see tractors with durable, bigger wheels which are easy to maintain and effective in performance. But long back in the late 18th century and early 19th century, tractors were made of metal wheels.
- The tractor word origin comes from the Latin language and is derived from the word ‘trahere,’ which means ‘to pull.’ Another theory also puts forth a tractor’s genesis being taken from the word “traction,” which is very important while using a tractor.
- Eicher compony of Germany imported and sold about 1500 tractors in India. On 24 April 1959, Eicher had come out with the first locally assembled tractor from its Faridabad factory and, in a period from 1965 to 1974, became the first entirely manufactured tractor in India.
- It is widely believed that tractors are slow-paced or may not manage high speeds. But, did you know that tractors are incredibly efficient to reach a high speed of over 100 kilometers per hour? Yes, that’s amazing right? (Of course, you won’t use it with that speed on your farm)
- There are over 16 million tractors worldwide, which means that one-third of the total energy used in agricultural production is used by tractors. India alone accounts for about 2 million tractors. It is the most efficient and popular agricultural type of equipment globally. This is the number of operational tractors currently, which are estimated to increase in coming years.
Benefits of using a farm tractor
Farms tractors are beneficial for working on a wide range of operations like as small as digging a hole or ploughing the entire field. They can be used both for a small garden or a vast farm. It can be used in crops or on the roads.
A variety of equipment can be tucked away in this single piece of equipment, and the jobs that can be done with a number of equipment are done with this single multi-purpose tractor.
They are the most valuable equipment types for a farmer who has to plan the farming activities according to the commercial productivity expected from the farm.
Tractors have contributed to a large scale of improvement in the farm yield and product quality.
Tractors are beneficial for carrying heavy farm loads of either equipment or products or debris from one place to another within the farm or out on the road.
Tractors are built for rugged terrain and pull heavy loads. So, no matter what task you need the tractor to perform, you know it has the ability to handle it with ease.
The soil particles are loosened, and significant cramps are created. As a result, water drains quickly through the soil, the plant roots grow rapidly, and seeds are sowed easily. Tractors also help make the land’s surface uniformly scattered throughout the field, which is impossible for a single farmer.
High-quality fertilizers can be spread with the tractors’ help across the field without even getting into any contact with the fertilizers and more consistency than done manually.