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Mahatma Gandhi Biography in English, Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, Gujarati, and Marathi: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, affectionately known as ‘Mahatma Gandhi‘ and “Father of the Nation” was a great freedom fighter who led the Indian Freedom struggle. His moral struggle, known as the ‘Satyagraha’, not only created awareness among the Indian people but was also instrumental in the Freedom of India. Thus, he was hailed by the Indian people as the “Father of Free India“. Every year on October 2, his birthday is celebrated around the world as “Gandhi Jayanti” to commemorate his sacrifice for the countries Freedom struggle against the British for the Freedom of India. We will look in detail at the biography History, Contribution, Birth, Death, Early Life, Education, Family, and More of Mahatma Gandhi, the great man who dedicated his entire life to India.
Mahatma Gandhi Biography in English, Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, Gujarati, and Marathi:
Birth and Family
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, India, the son of Karamchand Gandhi and Putlibai Gandhi. His mother tongue is Gujarati. And his father, Karamchand Gandhi was served as a Diwan in Porbandar.
Early life and Education
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an honest student in school. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi married Kasturba at the age of 13 and went to England at the age of 18 to study law as a barrister. After successfully completing his legal education, Gandhi returned to India and worked as a lawyer in Bombay for some time.
The reason for engaging in the Indian Freedom struggle
After a brief stint in Bombay and Rajkot, Mahatma Gandhi traveled to South Africa in 1893 with the help of an Indian company. The trip not only had a profound effect on Gandhi’s mind, which until then had been without political involvement but later turned him into a major political force. In particular, the neglected case of not wearing a turban in court in Durban, South Africa, and the refusal to travel to Pretoria one day on a train in first-class due to ‘no whites’ caused a great change in his mind. In addition, he started the Indian Congress in 1894, raising awareness of the plight of black people in South Africa and the Indian immigrants there, for which he was responsible.
He then took part in a non-violent struggle in Johannesburg in 1906, was arrested and imprisoned several times. Thus Mahatma Gandhi, who succeeded in the problem of the Indian people living in South Africa through non-violence, returned to India and became the friend of great political leaders such as Gopalakrishna Gokhale and Rabindranath Tagore.
Contribution of Mahatma Gandhi in the Indian Freedom struggle
He joined the Indian National Congress, which was started in 1885 to lead the Indian Freedom movement. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who was actively involved in the Freedom struggle against the British, was also elected President of the Indian National Congress in 1921. Gandhi started the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1922 to give voice to the rowlatt act and the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and to express his refusal to accept the lesser powers granted to Indians in the 1919 Government of India Act. Students not going to college, lawyers not going to court, and boycotting clothes and items made by the British had a huge impact all over India.
Not only did the movement, also gain great support among the younger generation and the nationalists, but with the success of the non-cooperation movement, Gandhi emerged as the sole leader of the Indian National Congress. The operation was later abandoned in 1922 by an incident at Chauri Chaura in Uttar Pradesh.
Gandhi’s Dandi March
In 1930 the British government imposed a tax on salt. Gandhiji, however, refused, accepting the satyagraha and marching towards Dandi, about 240 miles from Ahmedabad, on March 2, 1930, thinking, “Should a foreign tax be levied on goods produced in his own country?” He finally arrived in Dandi after a 23-day voyage, distilling the seawater there and distributing it against English law. Not only did the incident spread to many parts of India, but the struggle intensified and tens of thousands of Indians, including Gandhi, were arrested and imprisoned. But the British government, seeing that the struggle was intensifying, negotiated with Gandhi and withdrew the salt tax they had imposed. The ‘Dani March’ was a turning point in the history of the Indian Freedom struggle.
Quit the White House Movement
On August 8, 1942, Gandhi launched the so-called ‘White Revolution’ movement against the British government, known as the “August Revolution“. The British government was shocked to see Gandhi’s determination and non-violent strength. Finally, due to Gandhi’s relentless struggle, the Indian Declaration of Independence was launched on August 15, 1947. However, the Indo-Pakistani partition greatly affected Gandhi.
Mahatma Gandhi, who gave the meaning of the word non-violence, was assassinated on January 30, 1948 (the year after India gained independence) in New Delhi by Nathuram Godse.
He waged a number of struggles against British rule and for the liberation of India, such as the boycott of foreign goods, the Salt Satyagraha, the Tax Giving Movement, the Non-Cooperation Movement, and the Quit Whites Movement. The biography and struggles of the Mahatma who sacrificed his life for India are immortal traces written in world history.