National Pollution Control Day 2021 Theme, History, Significance, Activities Ideas, and Everything you need to know

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National Pollution Control Day is observed every year on 2nd December in the country. The purpose of observing this day is to remember the people who lost their lives in the Bhopal Gas Tragedy in 1984. Also, this day aims to raise awareness among people about controlling Pollution. National Pollution Control Day is a special occasion to create awareness about steps to be taken to control the increasing industrial pollution in the country. A recent data released by IQAir shows, out of 100 most polluted cities all around the world, 46 are only in India. This shows how important is to control pollution in the country.


This year (2021) theme has not been announced yet. Last year (2020) the theme of National Pollution Control Day was “raise awareness about the importance of pollution control and educate people on how to prevent pollution“.

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The 1984 gas tragedy in Bhopal marked the beginning of National Pollution Control Day. Methyl Oceanite gas was released on December 2 and 3 at the Union Carbide plant in Bhopal. According to a report, around 500,000 people were killed in that tragedy. However, the Madhya Pradesh government did not confirm the deaths. This tragedy was not limited to that time, but its effect is visible there even today. Problems like birth defects, the disease after birth, etc. still exist. India observes National Pollution Control Day on 2 December every year to remember those who lost their lives in this disaster.


This day is very important to know the harmful effects of pollution. According to the National Health Portal, every year 70 lakh people lose their lives due to pollution. The situation is so bad that 9 out of 10 people around the world do not have clean air.

Bhopal gas tragedy is considered to be the biggest industrial tragedy in the world. Efforts are being made to prevent the recurrence of this incident through National Pollution Control Day.

Activities Ideas

The state government has taken policy, proper enforcement of laws, and all measures to prevent pollution as well as many other efforts to prevent pollution. Industries should first follow all the rules and regulations made by the authority to reduce pollution.

On the occasion of National Pollution Control Day, children should write essays and give speeches in school.

On this day, people should be made aware of this day by taking out rallies in public places.

In view of the National Pollution Day, the Pollution Control Board of India (CPCB), an organization overseeing pollution, took out a public awareness rally in cities like Bhopal, Kanpur, Delhi, and Mumbai on this occasion on 2 December in view of the increasing pollution. In which people were warned about the increasing pollution and adverse effects.

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