After the death of a 12-year-old boy in Kerala, the state is again under the threat from the Nipah virus. The virus spreads through bat droppings. Bats carry and fruits or any other eatables and if any person comes under the contact of such dropping which is already infected by the virus may also catch it. There were around 17 to 19 cases of the Nipah virus were there in Kerala in 2018.
The WHO estimates that 40-75% of the infections may turn to be fatal. Experts also warned that this virus has a high potential to become a Pandemic. There are fewer cases of animal to human transmission as compared to human transmission. According to the 2019 study from the New England Journal of Medicine, virus can mutate and transmit from person to person.
Recently they tested 17 persons with the symptoms of Nipah infection in Kerala.All 17 tests turned negative.
Health Minister of the Kerals said that a total of 61 samples have been tested and out of which 30 had reported negative for the virus. The results of others are awaited. A special NIV team would collect samples of bats for detailed analysis to find the source of the Nipah virus.
The Karnataka government being a border state to Kerala, started taking preventive measures to control the virus in Karnataka. The state ordered its officials to check for symptoms like fever, mental status, severe weakness, headache, respiratory distress, cough, vomiting, muscle pain, convulsion and diarrhoea.
The country is already fighting with the Pandemic like COVID19. If there are more numbers of cases of Nipah spreads in the state it can dangerous to the whole country. Hence warnings of the WHO and experts must be taken seriously to stop the Nipah virus as early as possible.