What Is Soundproofing?
Soundproofing is the process for the reduction of sound pressure to a particular receptor or sound source. It is also referred to as sound insulation, decibel reduction or most commonly acoustic insulation. The objective of installing soundproofing materials is to reduce the decibels for comfortable living. There is a wide range of soundproofing materials available, each suitable for distinct applications. Be it floors, walls, or ceiling, soundproof products are recommended whenever you want to minimise the level of sound.
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How Does SoundProofing Work?
Soundproofing can be applied to either commercial or residential properties. The usage of soundproofing materials in both the places is to eliminate the input of unwanted sounds from outside sources. Residential soundproofing focuses on existing structures such as doors, windows, floors, ceilings and acoustic wall insulation.
Similarly, soundproofing is applied to commercial and public places such as schools, restaurants, office buildings etc for a wide number of reasons. Soundproofing is also part of the design such as open floor office plans to help employees with productivity.
Soundproofing materials help minimise the sound in the following ways:
- By blocking the airborne noise through the mass of a structure and result is the conversion or reflection of sound energy into heat.
- Dampening or separating the impact noise between the structures and minimising the circulation of sound energy/vibration.
- Absorbing sound that would otherwise echo and reverberate within a contained space.
Types of Soundproofing Materials
There is a wide range of soundproofing materials suited to different applications as mentioned above. The choice will depend on the requirements. For example, music studios have soundproofing material to enhance the sound and reduce outside unwanted sounds. Residential places will have materials that complement their surroundings. It is worth noting that soundproofing materials are only as strong as the weakest point. What type of material is soundproof? All this and more in the section below.
Let us look at some of the different types of soundproofing materials:
#1 Soundproofing Foam
Lightweight and soft, soundproofing foam absorbs natural sound waves and prevents noise generated as a result of contact on hard surfaces such as ceilings and walls. This happens because of the conversion of sound energy into heat so that the sound that circulates throughout the room minimises. Such types of foam are also fitted within music studios for improved sound quality. The density and thickness of the foam have a direct impact on the penetration of the sound. Therefore, it is advisable to seek the assistance of professionals before soundproofing your home.
#2 Soundproofing Sheet
Soundproofing sheets can be bought with a wide range of fill materials and facings. Each one of the materials has excellent insulation and sound absorption properties. It also ensures protection against moisture and dust. Some of the soundproofing sheets also feature adhesive backing for safe and secure attachment to machinery and equipment for your day to day operation. You can also opt for acoustic insulation rolls before consulting a professional.
#3 Soundproofing Panels
Soundproofing panels are suited to dampening and deadening sound in cafes, restaurants, offices, and other commercial spaces. These panels are made up of high-density acoustic insulation board that effectively prevents the transfer of sound between the rooms. Available options include perforated wood, water-resistant panels, fabric-wrapped depending on your requirements. Soundproofing panels like these are designed for a variety of purposes including clarification of speech, absorption of sound waves, and reduction of reverberation through the interior spaces. There are equally suitable for residential and commercial applications.
#4 Soundproofing tiles and foam panels
For the effective absorption of sound within a room, it is essential to soften hard surfaces. This softening effect is achieved through the installation of soundproofing foam panels. Foam panels are fitted for the separation of the wall between rooms to prevent sound circulation. These tiles can be easily cut to your specifications depending on the size of the room.
Soundproofing A Room
Music room for a jamming session with friends, a home theatre for entertainment purposes, stopping the noisy neighbours so you can work from home, you might want to soundproof an entire room for n number of reasons. Whatever the case is, there are many cost-effective soundproofing options that you will come across.
The process of soundproofing a room begins with the identification of unwanted noise sources. This will lead to the appropriate choice for a soundproofing solution. The intensity and variety of the noise levels should also be taken into account.
It is important to know that sound is energy. It travels from the source and while doing so causes vibrations whenever it hits an object in its path and air. Once reaching the recipient’s, it stimulates the brain either in a soothing way or disturbing. Opt for best products such as rockwool acoustic insulation for a peace of mind and comfort living season in season out irrespective of the surroundings.
It is also possible to soundproof the floor from above. Most noise disturbance is produced when people walk or move furniture across the floor above. Acoustic floor insulation helps reduce such disturbances with improved soundproofing with the installation of acoustic insulation slab.
As we discussed above, there are many soundproofing materials that one can use for different uses. Some are more suitable to a surrounding while others are more effective which depends on the type of noise created, source of the noise, design and structure of the building, wall construction, and various other factors. The objective should always be to choose the best rockwool flexi for exact needs.