The evolution of European Roulette

Roulette is one of the most famous casino games. Having stood the test of time, the iconic wheel is believed to have originated in the 17th century. 

With the game’s popularity and the ever-evolving technology of the digital age, it’s no wonder online Roulette became one of the very first digital casino games available to play at online sites when they made their debut between 1994 and 1996. Since then, the game has evolved further, with even more variations available to play online, alongside the classic European and American wheels.

As a true casino staple, join us as we take a look at the evolution of European Roulette.

Ancient games of chance

Before the 17th century, games of chance resembling Roulette had been recorded. Ancient Greek and Roman soldiers are said to have created their own version of the now-classic game – spinning swords, chariot wheels and shields between battles, and placing bets on the outcome. 

The Roulette wheel

Fast-forward to 1655, when French mathematician, physicist and inventor, Blaise Pascal, accidentally created the first form of the Roulette wheel we know today. In an attempt to develop a perpetual motion machine, Pascal – an avid gamer himself – unknowingly created a new way to play the game of chance.

1796 saw the first modern Roulette table in land-based casinos.

The European wheel

It wasn’t until 1842 that European Roulette first came about. Two French brothers, Francois and Louis Blanc, moved to Hamburg, Germany, where they set out to support the city’s economy. In order to compete with the other rising casino industries in Europe at the time, they came up with an idea changed Roulette forever. 

The Blanc brothers developed a wheel with only one green single-zero (0) pocket, rather than the original two green pockets, lowering the house edge from 5.26 to 2.70. 

When popularity for this new Roulette variation spread across Europe, America decided they were content with the original wheel. This meant, that the version with the single zero and double zero pockets became known as American Roulette, and the variation with just one green single-zero pocket, European Roulette. 

Moving to Monte Carlo

Monte Carlo, home to one of the most famous land-based casinos in the world, became the home of European Roulette. The Monte Carlo casino was the first official land-based venue to host the European Roulette wheel, and people would travel from far and wide to try their chances.

European Roulette in the modern day

In the modern day, online casino sites are available to eligible players with internet access. 

American Roulette, European Roulette, French Roulette and other, unique variations on these wheels can be found online. 

However, with no real-life dealer present to spin the wheel itself, online games are kept fair, unbiased and unpredictable thanks to a Random Number Generator (RNG). An RNG is a piece of computer software which creates random patterns of numbers every second, ensuring Roulette remains a game of chance, no matter how you decide to play.

It’s clear Roulette has stood the test of time and made its name as a casino classic, with so many different ways to play. 

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