Full Stack Development

Top 10 backend frameworks for web development in 2021

“High achievement always takes place in the framework of high expectation”, says Charles Kettering. 

Speaking of web application development, it is the choice of the framework that sets the tone for the resulting app and its usefulness.

In 2021, web application developers of every top-notch web development company are specific about the choice of back end frameworks for web development. Here’s a list of some of their popular choices.

1. Express

You can include Express on the list of those select frameworks that are popular for the element of flexibility.

Other than being less-complicated, it is also useful for a wide range of tasks. Plus, you can also use it in conjunction with other frameworks such as Loopback, Sails, and Kraken.

Perhaps this is the sole reason for which Express has been able to make inroads into some top companies at the global level.

It enables you to not only utilise most of the functionalities of Node but also benefits you in another way. Express is capable of performing the assigned tasks without compromising the features of Node.js.

No doubt, you may need to spend some time to know the ins and outs of using this framework as it does not operate with a fixed protocol. Still, you can benefit by including it in your scheme of things.

2. Rails

As a framework, you can use Rails by following the model-view-control (MVC) software design pattern. Most web developers like to use it for its ability to work with Ruby – another important framework for web development.

If you are at the beginning state of web application development, then this framework can prove to be nothing less than a blessing for you. With its use, you can quickly develop apps with a higher degree of efficiency.

While you need specialized training for being able to use other frameworks, using Rails doesn’t necessitate such requirements.

Whenever you have a doubt, you can get the requisite assistance or information from its resources. This way, you can start using the framework like a pro within a few days’ time.

However, despite all these advantages, it has a major drawback. You may need a deeper knowledge of using the framework if you wish to use it for complex tasks, as in the production environment.

Unless you are fully used to it, collecting information from the available resources of Rails for using it can become a little tricky.

3. Laravel

Laravel also operates on the model-view-controller model, just like Rails. But unlike the latter which uses Ruby, the former makes use of PHP which occupies an important spot among frameworks for web development.

In comparison to the other frameworks for backend web development, Laravel is relatively new.

Besides API support, it comes with certain packages. With this combination, you can conclude the majority of your web application development tasks with ease.

In the event of encountering a problem while using this Laravel, you can refer to its online resources for relevant information.

However, it does not perform at the same level as Express or Django. Thus, you might want to carefully consider the usefulness of this framework for your application development tasks before using it.

4. Django

As a model-view-template framework, Django uses Python. Its use in Instagram, Google, and YouTube speaks volumes for its usefulness and importance among all the existing frameworks for web development.

Related read: Django vs NodeJs: Difference between Django and NodeJs

The specialty of this framework lies in its pattern which is based on advanced features such as DRY configuration and Convention Over Configuration patterns.

Along with it, its security also highlights its prominence. Developers can use the techniques of Django to build a secure website. It has the ability to prevent the security-related risks linked with code execution in the template layer.

5. Pyramid

For the most part, Pyramid proves to be useful in the development of basic applications. Based on Python 3, it adopts a typical methodology that is moderate by nature for this purpose.

Pyramid possesses the element of acclimatization which makes it useful for both basic and complex web software development tasks for Python developers.

6. Microdot

The creation of scalable and dependable microservices was a challenging task for developers, but not anymore – thanks to Microdot Framework. It helps meet this challenge in a simple and easy way as a reliable backend framework for web development.

 It is particularly useful for organizations that utilize Microsoft’s platforms.

By and large, developers use it due to its assistance in coding. The availability of resources on the microservices in the form of documents helps them build microservices when they use this platform.

Being an open-source .NET framework, it receives software updates and performance improvements from time to time. This makes it capable of adapting to the changing dynamics of application development on the web platform.

7. Phoenix

Phoenix is based on Elixir which is widely used in multiple applications. Due to its relationship with the latter, the former is useful for building a wide range of apps for various purposes.

Over time, there has been some groundwork on this framework due to which it has become more innovative and useful than ever before. 

If you belong to the group of developers who want to accomplish a task without the need for long coding, this framework can help you with functional programming.

8. Play

Play framework is the other name for high velocity. Its writing involves the use of popular languages such as Scala and Java. 

Other than the MVC design, its ability to detect hidden errors in each program and use the show over-set up are the two features that make it popular among developers.

It not only reloads hot code but also reloads an app and arranges without the need for a camera. This special ability puts Play much ahead of its competitors.

You can use the advanced functionalities of Play with CoffeeScript and Typescript.

9. Flask

Flask is a lightweight framework that has been written with the help of Python. 

Despite not being as useful as Django, it is capable of lending a helping hand in the development of web applications on a small scale. Also, you can use it equally well for concluding several minor tasks.

Other than broad documentation, you can use it for unit testing, secure treats, and the preparation of Jinja2 templates.


.Net is the byword for ASP.NET. Built by Microsoft, it is an open-source backend web application development framework.

The name of the framework itself makes it crystal clear that it uses .Net to a good effect to help in the development of useful applications.

Web application developers use this framework to build a wide range of applications across several categories for versatile use.


All the frameworks on the above list benefit developers in their own ways. Therefore, you can identify the pick of the bunch by considering the suitability of each of them to meet your requirements. This way, you will be able to choose the best option for your backend operations.

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