We live in a time when it is very difficult to select one programming language out of the available lot; what we need to do is to look for the one which is easy to access. There are popular computer languages like Java, Python, C++, Ruby, Perl, Tcl, etc. Our discussion shall be limited to the basic differences between Ruby and Python. Both are widely used by beginners of computer programming as well as professionals. But, first, let us know a little bit about both languages.
►Know about Python
Python was, for the first time, developed by Guido van Rossum in 1989. Python was at first created for complex mathematical calculations. So, accuracy and performance speed is the use of Python. It is a general-purpose, high-level language. At the same time, Python is user-friendly for its simple syntax. Python comes as the primary choice for beginners most of the time. Its wide use is probably the result of Python’s reliability among the programmers.
►Know about Ruby
Ruby is an open-source programming language. It was developed by Yukihiro Matsumoto in the year 1995. Unlike Python, Ruby has been designed to fit human needs. It has a more humane aspect in it than Python, which focuses primarily on reliability. The designer of Ruby combined the segments of Perl, Smalltalk, Lisp, Ada, and Eiffel to give birth to a new programming language. He wanted to make Ruby a natural language. Ruby is popular with start-ups because it is matchless for MVPs (Minimum Viable Product) and prototyping.
Both Python and Ruby are high-level languages and easily readable. They are used for web applications. But, there are so many practical as well as technical differences between the two. Here are some of the very basic and significant distinctions of these programming languages.
● Which to Learn First? : In current time, Python is trending in the technical and industrial fields. Ruby was used on a massive scale even a decade ago. If you want to go on with the trend of the world of today, I will recommend Python. And if you want to learn a second one, then Ruby comes after Python.
● Development Environment: Multiple IDEs (Integrated Development Environment) is supported in Python. Only Eclipse IDE is supported in Ruby.
● Lambda Functions: Python supports only lambdas, and these are single line lambda functions. The lambda functions of Ruby are larger.
● Communities: Both Python and Ruby have many communities along with them. These communities function to monitor the update, software design, and language. Compared to Python, Ruby has fewer communities. The community of Python contributes to the academic enterprise and LINUX. Almost all the LINUX computers do have pre-installed Python. Communities of Ruby focus on the web.
● Use of Iterators: It is central to the Python language and has high compatibility. The iterators are not that significant in the case of the Ruby programming language. Even most of the time, the iterators are not used in Ruby.
● Main Properties: Python is very easy to learn. It is highly readable. Python is recognized for its speed and efficiency. Ruby is very powerful and expressive.
● Objectivity: Ruby is fully object-oriented, whereas Python is not fully object-oriented.
● Tuples: Python supports tuples. Ruby does not support tuples.
● Inheritance: Python supports multiple inheritances, whereas Ruby supports single inheritance.
● Switch-case: Ruby supports the switch-case statements. Python has no such function.
● Modification: The built-in classes in Python can be modified. Ruby does not allow any kind of modification of built-in classes.
● Popularity: During the course of the past decade, Ruby has declined gradually in terms of its popularity. Some surveys of 2018-19 show that Ruby is not even among the top ten programming languages. Python, on the other hand, has gained popularity recently. Many learners and professionals today prefer Python over other similar programming languages. However, both are used by a large community of people. You can hire offshore Python developers sitting at any corner of the world.
● Web Framework: Python uses Django as a web application framework. Ruby uses Ruby on rails. Ruby on rails has everything necessary to create a database-backed web application.
● Performance: Ruby has some drawbacks when talking about speed. Firstly, the boot takes a long time. Secondly, Ruby is not very suitable to run some big projects. Ruby is on the way to launch Ruby 3. This might solve the issues. As far as performance is concerned, Python is superior to Ruby.
● Memory Consumption: Python consumes a lot of space from the system. For being highly modeled and flexible, it carries a lot of commands. So, if you are facing issues with computer memory or need to run a heavy project, Python should not be your choice.
● Applications: Both Python and Ruby have users worldwide. Mozilla Firefox, Yahoo, Google, Instagram, YouTube, Reddit, BitTorrent use Python. Ruby is used in Airbnb, Twitter, Apple, Github, etc.
So, this is more or less a comparative analysis between Python and Ruby. Both are efficient and they are simple programming languages. What you will pick depends on the nature of your project. Ruby is best if you want to design a web application. And, for complicated calculation and data analysis, you can go for Python.