Getting the updated CBSE Class 12 syllabus 2020-21 is important as CBSE has reduced the syllabus by 30%. It is important to note the syllabus in order to do the preparation at the best level. If one is well acquainted with the syllabus part then it becomes a smooth process to study and learn. The syllabus contains all the chapters that will be covered in the curriculum of CBSE class 12th Boards exams for students in Science, Commerce, and arts stream. IT also helps us to know the marking scheme and the weightage of each chapter.
Subjects like physics, biology, chemistry, maths, computer science have high weightage on practicals, hence CBSE class 12th syllabus allows students to know the syllabus for that too.
The necessary addition and deleted chapters are also well defined in the syllabus.
Vidya Setu is one such online learning portal that has identified the importance of an updated syllabus in study routine. They provide the best study materials that cover the latest syllabus approved by CBSE. At the same time, it helps in the comprehensive learning process and creates strong conceptual understandings of the chapters.
They also provide free online video lectures to the students and make their learning process easy.
Purpose Of The CBSE Syllabus for class 12th
|The CBSE curriculum is set up every year that defines the role of examiner and examinee(teacher and students). The main objective of the curriculum is to interlink the primary goals of the educator and the learner. |
It helps the examiner to follow the rules and regulations while conducting the examinations for class 10th to 12th. They also set the parameters on which every student will be assessed and will grant marks accordingly. To meet the educational requirements of the candidates those parents were employed in transferable jobs. To prescribe and update the courses of instructions for examinations. To affiliate institutions for the purpose of examination and raise the academic standards of the country.
The Board also promotes Innovations in teaching and learning methodologies by devising student-friendly and student-centered paradigms. Reforms in examinations and evaluation practices.Skill learning by adding job-oriented and job linked inputs. Regularly updating the pedagogical skills of the teachers and administrators by conducting in-service training programs, workshops, etc.
Importance of Class 12 CBSE Syllabus
The syllabus is very important as it is a well-defined structure of what to learn, how to learn, from where to learn, and how the learning will be assessed. The syllabus is an unsaid contract between teachers and students on how the entire session learning will progress.
#1 Covers entire course structure
The syllabus covers the entire course structure along with the marks weightage for each section and the time duration of it.
For example the Updated 2021 Chemistry syllabus
|Unit I: Solid StateClassification of solids based on different binding forces: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea). Unit cell in two dimensional and three-dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects. Unit II: Solutions Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, the solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, Raoult’s law, colligative properties ‐ the relative lowering of vapour pressure, the elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties. Unit III: Electrochemistry Redox reactions, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells, Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity, variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis. Unit IV: Chemical KineticsRate of a reaction (Average and instantaneous), factors affecting rate of reaction: concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction, rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half‐life (only for zero and first-order reactions). Unit V: Surface Chemistry Adsorption, physisorption and chemisorption, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, colloidal state: the distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspension; lyophilic, lyophobic, multi‐molecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation. Unit VII: p-Block Elements Group ‐15 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; Nitrogen preparation properties and uses; compounds of Nitrogen: preparation and properties of Ammonia and Nitric Acid. Group 16 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses, classification of Oxides, Ozone, Sulphur‐allotropic forms; compounds of Sulphur: preparation properties and uses of Sulphur‐dioxide, Sulphuric Acid: properties and uses; Oxoacids of Sulphur (Structures only). Group 17 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens, Preparation, properties and uses of Chlorine and Hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds, Oxoacids of halogens (structures only). Group 18 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses. Unit VIII: d and f Block Elements General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first-row transition metals – metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation.Lanthanoids ‐ Electronic configuration, oxidation states and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences. Unit IX: Coordination Compounds Coordination compounds ‐ Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. Bonding, Werner’s theory, VBT, and CFT. Unit X: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes.Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C–X bond, physical and chemical properties, optical rotation mechanism of substitution reactions.Haloarenes: Nature of C–X bond, substitution reactions (Directive influence of halogen in monosubstituted compounds only).Unit XI: Alcohols, Phenols and EthersAlcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only), identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration.Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses. Unit XII: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic AcidsAldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of nucleophilic addition, the reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes, uses.Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses. Unit XIII: AminesAmines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines. Unit XIV: BiomoleculesCarbohydrates ‐ Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), D‐L configurationProteins ‐Elementary idea of ‐ amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, the structure of proteins ‐ primary, secondary, tertiary structure and quaternary structures (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins. Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA.|
#2 Explain Question paper format
The syllabus also explains the question paper format, which helps students to know what type of questions they can expect from each topic.
For eg Question paper pattern for Biology 2021 question paper
|Types of question||No. of Question||Marks||Total|
|Very Short Answer||5||1||5|
|Short Answer- 1 (SA1)||7||2||14|
|Short Answer- 2 (SA2)||12||3||36|
#3 Basis for Exam papers
The exam papers are prepared according to the CBSE board Class 12 syllabus, so knowing the syllabus will help students to prepare for the board exam accordingly.
Sample of English question Paper
#4 Basis of Study
It helps students to prepare effectively for their Class 12 board so that they don’t skip any important topic.
# 5 Basis for teaching pattern
A syllabus is a well-constructed course planning tool that not only helps students but also teachers.
CBSE Class 12 Examination Scheme As per Syllabus Marking scheme
|Subjects||Theory marks||Practicals Marks/project||Total Exam duration|
|Business Studies||80||20||3 hours|
|Physical Education||70||30||3 hours|
Take Away of the blog
The syllabus communicates information that establishes an agreement between the teacher and students to deliver education and how to deliver it. We know the syllabus needs strategies to provide guidelines to the students so that they don’t take advantage of the unstructured curriculum. What is required to create a better education environment is, “interactive modulation.” A platform where students can share and discuss the new opportunities and the CBSE panel can integrate their constructive suggestions in the latest syllabus. We could all benefit from the discussion of these syllabus-related issues, and we encourage you to share your thoughts in the comment below