The presence of phytocannabinoids in cannabis treats fertility-related problems in women. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) present in cannabis react with the endocannabinoid system of the human body to bring about psychological and physiological changes. Medicinal cannabis treats ailments visible in women from puberty to menopause. THC and CBD act either together or separately by identifying the areas of discomfort and provide relief.
This article will enunciate the effect of cannabis on women’s health.
1. Mood changes during puberty: When girls hit puberty, they succumb to feelings of restlessness, hypersensitivity, severe mood swings with a sense of disjointedness. Since this period of growth defined by rapid physical and mental development is a clinical urgency, paediatricians prefer CBD to THC as mood stabilizers. CBD being anti-psychoactive is safer for teenagers. In the CBD vs. THC medical debate, THC is best-known for creating psychological dependence. Thus, doctors administer CBD for teenagers to alleviate the mood.
- CBD is safe for teenage girls.
- CBD is anti-psychoactive and thus preferred for children.
- Doctors typically prescribe medicinal cannabis to girls and young adults aged between 15 and 54.
2. Cannabis during menstruation: During ovulation, the progesterone level decreases severely. The result is an increase in inflammatory chemicals like prostaglandins (PGF2⍺). The process leads to inflammation of the lower abdomen, muscular cramps, severe pain, and bleeding. The conventional prescribed medicine to relieve pain, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs) has gastrointestinal side effects. So, doctors prescribe CBD that hinders the production of prostaglandins, stopping inflammation. The other alternative is to massage the lower abdomen with CBD oil. It interacts with the endocannabinoid system to terminate sensations of pain.
- CBD prevents inflammation by interacting with anandamide.
- Both CBD and THC restricts prostaglandin like COX-1.
- CBD vs. THC as pain management – CBD targets the cause, while THC acts on the symptoms of pain, inflammation, and muscle spasms.
3. CBD and menopause symptoms: The state before and after menopause is a roller coaster ride for women. There are severe fluctuations in estrogen levels when a woman hits her menopause. The psychological and physiological ramifications of menopause are multiple; a woman might experience severe joint aches and pain, and the neurochemistry of the body may also change.
Cannabidiol, for its anti-inflammatory property, is prescribed by doctors to lower down levels of inflammatory agents like TNF⍺. Menopause causes a sharp drop in levels of estrogen and progesterone, which in turn, eventually, affects the creation of serotonin that straightway affects the mood.
CBD in the body helps to enhance the levels of serotonin and other neurotransmitters to terminate chemical imbalances. CBD finally helps to alleviate the bouts of depression and anxiety.
- CBD acts on joint pains.
- CBD acts as mood stabilizers when menopause sets in.
- CBD and THC both help to terminate anxiety leading to a peaceful sleep.
Medicinal cannabis as an alternative medicine to women’s health has often been neglected until now. CBD and THC often work hand-in-hand or individually to act on specific areas to aid psychological and physiological trauma.